P-Early-Media – You are running low on credit!

Have you ever thought about how this simple announcement works? Most of the (IMS aware) people believe that in order to establish a media session an UAC (originator’s handset) has to send the SIP ACK. This is true as long as we don’t need to inform the originator before the real voice or video call is established – e.g. running low on credit, informing about calling into foreign network, playing customized ring back tones etc.

In order to achieve this functionality the RFC 3960 introduced a concept of Early Media. The basic call can look like this:

Early Media

Early Media

In general this early media can be generated by caller, callee or both. In case that B2BUA is present – which is the case of TAS in VoLTE, the B2BUA can establish the Early Media session too.

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